STATE OF COOPERATION CAMEROON-UNESCO
Cameroon adhered to the ideals of Unesco on November 11, 1960. Since then, it has established a very fruitful cooperation at the political and institutional level and in the various fields of competence of UNESCO (education, science, culture, communication).
Highlights of political and institutional cooperation
- All the successive Directors General of UNESCO have made official visits to Cameroon. Messrs. Amadou Mathar M’bow (23-29 July 1980); Federico Mayor Zaragoza (30-31 January – 1 February 1991); Koïchiro Matsuura (17-19 January 2004 and 9-10 January 2009); Ms. Irina Bokova, the current Managing Director of 15-16 September 2014.
- On the Cameroonian side, the President of the Republic, HE Paul BIYA, made the first official visit of a Cameroonian Head of State to UNESCO Headquarters in Paris, on October 23, 2007, to take part in the 34th session of the General Conference. This visit contributed to the strengthening of relations between UNESCO and Cameroon.
- In February 2013, the Head of State, on a working visit to France, granted an audience to Irina Bokova, General Director. On that occasion, she announced the opening of the UNESCO Sub-Regional Multisectoral Office for Central Africa in Yaounde. The opening of this office is effective.
- Since joining UNESCO, Cameroon has gained the confidence of Member States on almost all posts several times. In 1968, Cameroon presided over the 15th session of the General Conference through Mr. Aurélien Eteki Mboumoua.
- Cameroon sat for 20 years on the Executive Council where he was represented by MM. Aurélien Eteki Mboumoua (1962-1968); Jean Félix Loung (1980-1985); Adamou Ndam Njoya (1985-1989); Ebénézer Njoh Mouelle (1995 – 1999); Joseph Mboui (2003 2007).
- In 2013, Cameroon chaired the Credentials Committee of the 37th session of the General Conference through Ms. Youssouf Adjidja Alim, Minister of Basic Education and President of the National Commission of UNESCO.
- The cooperation between Cameroon and UNESCO is also supported by the action of the First Lady, Mrs. Chantal BIYA, appointed November 14, 2008, UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador for Education and Inclusion of Vulnerable People and minorities and its contribution to the promotion of the ideals of this organization.
Cameroon’s financial contributions to UNESCO
Cameroon makes a point of honor in fulfilling its financial obligations to UNESCO in time by releasing its contributions to the regular budget of the Organization and by participating often in voluntary contributions.
In 2011, the Head of State, HE Paul BIYA, released a special contribution of more than US $ 300,000, or about CFAF 150 million to the Special Emergency Fund created by the Director General following the suspension of contributions from the USA and Israel. Cameroon has also released funds for the refurbishment of the UNESCO Executive Board room.
UNESCO structures in Cameroon
- The Multisectoral Subregional Office for Central Africa
After having sheltered for a long time the Multi-Country Office covering CAR and Chad, Cameroon has benefited from the transformation of Cameroon into a Multisectoral Subregional Office for Central Africa extended to the following ten countries: Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Congo, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, DRC, Sao Tome and Principe, CAR, Chad.
- UNESCO Chairs
There are four in Cameroon: the UNESCO Chair in Education (2008) at the University of Buea; the UNESCO Chair in Intellectual Property Law Teaching (2004) at the University of Yaounde II; the UNESCO – NATUA Chair in Agricultural Economics and Policy Reforms (1992) at the University of Dschang; the UNESCO Chair on ICT in Yaoundé I (IAI Annex).
- Cameroon and the International Institute for Educational Planning
Created in 1963 by UNESCO, the International Institute for Educational Planning (I.I.P.E) works to improve the quality and effectiveness of education systems in the member states of Organsiation.
it does so through a wide range of activities including:
– The Advanced Training Program
– The Visitor Intern Program
– Specialized courses and workshops at its headquarters or at Member State level
Cameroon has benefited from the assistance of I.I.P.E in several fields including the following courses:
– Sub-regional Training on “Education, employment” BUEA – April 1991
– National Course “Costs, Financing and Education Budget”. Yaounde – May-June 2002
– Training course in “exploitation and use of statistical data”, jointly with the ISMP (Higher Institute of Public Management) KRIBI April – May 2002
– National Course on “Management and Strategic Planning”. Yaounde October 2002
– Many Cameroonians Benefit From I.I.P.E’s Advanced Training Program
- Establishment in 1961 of the Higher Normal School (ENS) of Yaounde
- Establishment in 1967 and in 1973 of Rural Applied Pedagogy Institutes of Yaounde and Beéa
- Establishment in 1973 of the National Institute of Education today become National Center for Education
- Establishment in 1975 of the Higher Normal School of Technical Education of Douala (ENSET), as well as the teacher training colleges of Technical Education (ENIET) of Soa and Bengwi
- Creation of the Center of Excellence for the Development of Microscience of Yaounde
- The restoration of the Bamoun Sultans Palace in Foumban
- Establishment at the national polytechnic school of a microcomputer laboratory
- Computerization of the ESSTIC documentation center
UNESCO Programs in Cameroon
Cooperation in this sector is old and rich as demonstrated above. Cameroon benefits from UNESCO’s commitment through technical assistance to projects such as Education for All (EPT), with a priority for basic education, literacy , training of both primary and secondary teachers with particular emphasis on marginalized groups such as pygmies. UNESCO’s support is also evident in higher education, research, through the granting of scholarships , increasing the supply of training through the establishment of universities national and sub-regional virtual projects, the development and popularization of computer tools in schools, the training of trainers, the construction of infrastructures, the organization of seminars, etc …
- Exact and Natural Science
UNESCO contributed to the project “Scientific Policy in Cameroon” whose objective was the formulation of research priorities in relation to Cameroon’s economic and social development plan.
UNESCO is also supporting a number of scientific projects, such as the establishment of the Yaoundé University’s virtual laboratory on drying lakes, and the development of a management plan of the Dja reserve, the promotion of solar energy in collaboration with the Chantal BIYA Foundation, etc.
- Human and Social Sciences
In particular, Cameroon benefited from UNESCO’s support for the publication in 2007 of a manual entitled ” Manuel de vulgarisation de l’approche genre”. It also benefits from three projects under the Fund for the Elimination of Doping in Sport. Other projects in the human and social sciences are awaiting UNESCO’s support.
- Culture and Communication
UNESCO contributes to the enhancement of the natural and cultural heritage of our country. The most important actions are:
– Inscription in the World Heritage List of the Dja Faunal Reserve, on December 11, 1987 and in 2012 by the Tri-Sangha Reserve, a site shared with Congo and the CAR. ;
– UNESCO funding 29 community broadcasts in Cameroon